ChIP-seq and beyond: new and improved methodologies to detect and characterize protein-DNA interactions.

ChIP-seq and beyond: new and improved methodologies to detect and characterize protein-DNA interactions by Furey, Terrence S published in Nature reviews. Genetics. 2012 13(12):840-52

Abstract

Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) detect protein-DNA binding events and chemical modifications of histone proteins. Challenges in the standard ChIP-seq protocol have motivated recent enhancements in this approach, such as reducing the number of cells that are required and increasing the resolution. Complementary experimental approaches – for example, DNaseI hypersensitive site mapping and analysis of chromatin interactions that are mediated by particular proteins – provide additional information about DNA-binding proteins and their function. These data are now being used to identify variability in the functions of DNA-binding proteins across genomes and individuals. In this Review, I describe the latest advances in methods to detect and functionally characterize DNA-bound proteins.